By ABConservation - Updated on 2022/11/12
- What is pollution?
Pollution, specifically environmental pollution, is the addition of harmful matter (pollutants) to the environment, whether natural or man-made, quicker than it can be decomposed or stored in its harmless form resulting in destruction of the environment.
Natural pollutants usually are those from natural events such as volcanic eruptions and forest fires.
Man-made pollution is created by human activities. This is the form of pollution that is generally referred to whenever pollution is talked about.
There are 3 main types of pollution:
– The air pollution
– The land pollution
– The water pollution
There are 3 main types of pollution: air, land, and water pollution. Other specific types also affecting human and ecosystem well-being: light, noise, plastic, and radioactive.
What is Air pollution?
Air pollution happens when substances in its gaseous forms are abundant within the atmosphere and air in excessive and harmful amounts. These may include chemicals such as carbon monoxide, nitrogen oxide, sulfur oxide, hydrocarbons, carbon dioxide, methane, chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs). Most common cause is burning of fossil duels to power cars and factories.
Produces smog (produced with pollutants in the air reacting with sunlight) that reduces visibility within areas affected as well as makes breathing difficult for humans, harms aquatic life, and decreases plant biodiversity. It is also responsible for acid rain (nitrogen oxide and sulfur dioxide mixes with moisture and falls back to land as rain) that kills trees and destroys bodies of water.
The greater than normal increase of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere increases the greenhouse effect and average temperatures in the planet in a rapid rate. This is called global warming.
Global warming is responsible for melting of ice and glaciers, sea level rise, warmer and less salty oceans, extreme climate conditions such as severe drought and storms.
Air pollution kills 7 million people every year.
What is Water pollution?
Causes of water pollution include run-offs from mining and drilling, oil spills, irresponsibly disposed radioactive and chemical waste, untreated sewage, fertilizers, pesticides, heat , and garbage.
Drinking, using polluted water, and even consuming fish from polluted waters result either to diseases, long-term effects, or even death in humans. This is responsible for an estimate of 485,000 deaths every year.
Facilitates rapid reproduction of cyanobacteria which rapidly created harmful algal blooms, preventing other organisms to thrive within these aquatic ecosystems. Makes water toxic for aquatic flora and fauna, killing aquatic ecosystems.
What is Land pollution?
Caused by chemicals from mining and agriculture, rapid accumulation of garbage, leaks from landfills Causes contamination of soil affecting plants, indirect harms to consumers of plants, both humans and herbivores, through a process called bioaccumulation, and consequently also affects nearby water bodies.
- What are the solutions?
– Reduce pollution: Pass legislations that limit pollution from factories, agribusinesses and other industries as well as nations in general.
– Recycle: Development of sustainable waste management of solid, toxic, and hazardous chemical wastes.
– Reuse: development of sustainable management of solid, toxic and chemical hazardous waste.
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