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Some international geopolitics

By Rollyna Domingo - updated on 2022/05/05

Credit-Development Academy of the Philippines

In just a few days, the Philippine national elections will begin. New leaders, from national and provincial to local positions, will be chosen and elected by half of the current population. The country, like the rest of the world, is still in the midst of a climate emergency on top of a global pandemic among existing problems, so these elections carry a lot of weight for its citizens.

[...] any citizen who is 18 years of age or older and has been a resident for at least one year is eligible to register and vote in the elections

These national elections can change the current status quo from top to bottom. Voters will decide who will fill the available positions in the executive and legislative branches of government, from the national to the local level. From the next president and vice president to the barangay councilors (the smallest administrative entity), any citizen who is 18 years of age or older and has been a resident for at least one year is eligible to register and vote in the elections. Overseas voters can vote in embassies and consulates up to four months before election day. On the other hand, local registered voters can vote on a single national election day in the Philippines. This year, the national election will be held on Monday, 9 May, which is a public holiday.


Some figures now:


The election will put in governance: a president and vice president, 12 senators, 316 members of the House of Representatives (an equivalent of the French National Assembly), 81 governors and vice-governors (in charge of the provinces).


Of the 81 provinces in the Philippines (in some ways, the equivalent of regions in France), voters will vote for members of the provincial councils. There are 782 provincial councils in total but voters will only choose between 4 and 8 per province. The number of provincial councils depends on the number of inhabitants of the province.


Similarly, this election will elect 146 city mayors and deputy mayors, 1,650 to municipal councils, 1,488 municipal mayors and deputy mayors (the difference between city and municipality is on several points but to summarise simply: the number of inhabitants is the main factor) and 11,908 members of municipal councils. As with the provincial system, the number of choices depends on the number of inhabitants in the province.


The Philippines currently has 65.7 million registered voters in the country and 1.8 million abroad (out of a population of nearly 110 million). In the last national elections in 2016, 80.69% of registered voters turned out to vote. Presidents and senators are elected for 6 years, while members of the House of Representatives, governors and vice-governors, provincial councils, mayors and deputy mayors and municipal councillors are elected for 3 years.



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